Bellotto Music Theory

Music Theory

This page contains music lessons and concepts covered in music class for junior grades. There are also extended examples, links to other sites, and future topics. A notebook was given to students in junior grades that should be used for note-taking and trying exercises. Students should make it part of their daily routine to investigate and perform music to enhance learning and improve brain function.

(Guitar/Piano club)


Get started with a review on music notes:

Select tabs and sentences to learn more at this next site:



Lesson 1 Note names and Major Scales 

Lesson 2 Major Scales Continued

Lesson 3 Minor Scales


Guitar Lessons (Josh Gerbrandt):


1 – Parts of the Guitar

2 – Hands and Fingers

3 – Notation Systems and Diagrams

Melodic Playing Technique

1 – Right Hand Technique Classical – Melodies

2 – Right Hand Technique PICKING

3 – Left Hand Technique Warmups

4 – Simple Melodies on 2 Strings

Key of G Major

1 – Key of G Major Scale and Chords

2 – G Major Music Creation Toolbox

3 – An die Freude A Cat with a wool Ball SICY

4 – Adding the 4th String Notes to G Major

5 – Cold November Night GERBRANDT

5 – Mikham Fuchsia

5 – Yue Liang

6 – Modified Chords for G Major

7 – Songs using Modified Chords for G Major

8 – Notes on the Bass Strings

9 – February Fantasy

Power Chords and Blues

1 – Power Chords

2 – Power Chord Songs

3A – Blues Chords and Scales in E Minor

3B – Blues Chords and Scales in A Minor

Key of D Major

1 – Key of D Major Scale and Chords

2 – D Major Music Creation Toolbox

Key of C Major

1 – Key of C Major Scale and Chords

2 – C Major Music Creation Toolbox

3 – Atari Dreams and Dream Works

Key of A Major

1 – Key of A Major Scale and Chords

Key of E Major

1 – Key of E Major Scale and Chords

1 – Key of F Major Scale and Chords

2 – Chords in Relative Minor Keys

Fingerstyle and Classical Techniques

1 – Fingerstyle Chord Exercises C Major

1 – Fingerstyle Chord Exercises G Major

1 – Left Hand Fingerstyle Patterns

1 – Right Hand Technique Classical – Chording

1B – Left Hand Fingerstyle Patterns

1C – LH Fixed Note Exercise

2 – Slow Ending Creepy


1 – Strum Patterns

2 – Common Chord Progressions

2 – Strum Along Chord Sheet

3 – Notes on the Guitar


There are no T’s that I can see written on the piano. Where are the T’s?

T stands for tone or whole tone. It’s a unit of measure like metre or kilometre. A distance of a tone or T is two keys or notes away. You know that it’s a tone when there is a key or note in the middle of two notes. Measuring tones and semitones helps us to see patterns. There are no T’s written on the piano because it would confuse musicians to write all the T’s for all the piano keys.

Why are there no letters written on a real piano?

There are no letters written on a real piano because it’s not necessary. Imagine trying to write a story using words from a dictionary when all the words in the dictionary are written on your page. It would be hard to write and read. Also, it doesn’t look aesthetically pleasing.

What happened to the F in G Major?

We used an F sharp instead. F sharp (F#) is higher and closer to G. The F makes the scale sound strong with more energy and less pretty than Major. Play GBDF on the piano and then play GBDF# on the piano to hear the difference. Notice how GBDF stands out and GBDF# is nice?

I still don’t understand what a tone is. Can you give me another example?

Imagine one day seeing a big dog and a cat sitting beside each other. There would be no animals between them. That is like a B key and a C key on a piano. There are no keys between B and C on a piano. This is called a semitone, a half tone, a half step, or sT. Imagine on another day that you saw a cat, a chicken, and a dog sitting in a row. The chicken is in the middle. The cat and dog would be further away from each other. The cat would be like a C and the dog would be like a D on a piano. This is called a tone, a whole tone, a full step, or T. How many T’s  are there from C to E? 2 T’s. How many semitones are there from C  to E? 4 sT’s.

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